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excel公历转农历的四种方法

[日期:2012-02-08]   来源:IT部落窝  作者:IT部落窝   阅读:12671[字体: ]
内容提要:文章介绍excel公历转农历的四种方法,分别通过excel内置函数和自定义函数完成公历转农历。

  尽管通过很多渠道可以轻松获取公历转农历,但是对excel迷们还是很期待用excel来实现公历转农历。

  设想一下,IT部落窝会员们的信息都是以阳历注册的,我们也可以使用下面即将介绍的方法实现excel公历转农历。

excel公历转农历方法一:使用text函数

  A列是公历日期,我们在B1单元格输入公式:=TEXT(A1,"[$-130000]yyyy年m月"&IF(LEN(--TEXT(A1,"[$-130000]dd"))=1,"初","")&"d"),下拉完成公历转农历。

excel公历转农历

excel公历转农历方法二:使用text+MID函数

  A列仍然是公历,B1输入公式:=MID("甲乙丙丁戊己庚辛壬癸",MOD(TEXT(A1,"[$-130000]e")-4,10)+1,1)&MID("子丑寅卯辰巳午未申酉戌亥",MOD(TEXT(A1,"[$-130000]e")-4,12)+1,1)&"年"&TEXT(A1,"[$-130000][DBNum1]m月d日"即可。

excel公历转农历2

excel公历转农历方法三:使用text+MID+ CHOOSE+ YEAR函数

  A1为公历,B1输入:=CHOOSE(MOD(YEAR(A1)-1900,10)+1,"庚","辛","壬","癸","甲","乙","丙","丁","戊","己")&CHOOSE(MOD(YEAR(A1)-1900,12)+1,"子","丑","寅","卯","辰","巳","午","未","申","酉","戌","亥")&TEXT(A1,"[dbnum1][$-130000]年m月"&IF(--TEXT(A1,"[$-130000]d")<11,"初","")&TEXT(A1,"[dbnum1][$-130000]d"))

excel公历转农历3

excel公历转农历方法四:使用自定义函数

  上面介绍的excel公历转农历都是使用excel内置函数完成的,有一个弊端就是公式太长,如果使用自定义函数,在公式栏就可以简化输入。

  如下图所示,我们在B2输入公式:=nongli(A2),即可。C列农历简称中C2公式是:=RIGHT(B2,LEN(B2)-8)。

  关于自定义函数的使用方法请参考:excel自定义函数添加和使用方法

excel公历转农历4

  下面是此自定义函数相关的代码:

Public Function NongLi(Optional XX_DATE As Date)


Dim MonthAdd(11), NongliData(99), TianGan(9), DiZhi(11), ShuXiang(11), DayName(30), MonName(12)
Dim curTime, curYear, curMonth, curDay
Dim GongliStr, NongliStr, NongliDayStr
Dim i, m, n, k, isEnd, bit, TheDate

'获取当前系统时间
curTime = XX_DATE

'天干名称
TianGan(0) = "甲"
TianGan(1) = "乙"
TianGan(2) = "丙"
TianGan(3) = "丁"
TianGan(4) = "戊"
TianGan(5) = "己"
TianGan(6) = "庚"
TianGan(7) = "辛"
TianGan(8) = "壬"
TianGan(9) = "癸"
'地支名称
DiZhi(0) = "子"
DiZhi(1) = "丑"
DiZhi(2) = "寅"
DiZhi(3) = "卯"
DiZhi(4) = "辰"
DiZhi(5) = "巳"
DiZhi(6) = "午"
DiZhi(7) = "未"
DiZhi(8) = "申"
DiZhi(9) = "酉"
DiZhi(10) = "戌"
DiZhi(11) = "亥"
'属相名称
ShuXiang(0) = "鼠"
ShuXiang(1) = "牛"
ShuXiang(2) = "虎"
ShuXiang(3) = "兔"
ShuXiang(4) = "龙"
ShuXiang(5) = "蛇"
ShuXiang(6) = "马"
ShuXiang(7) = "羊"
ShuXiang(8) = "猴"
ShuXiang(9) = "鸡"
ShuXiang(10) = "狗"
ShuXiang(11) = "猪"
'农历日期名
DayName(0) = "*"
DayName(1) = "初一"
DayName(2) = "初二"
DayName(3) = "初三"
DayName(4) = "初四"
DayName(5) = "初五"
DayName(6) = "初六"
DayName(7) = "初七"
DayName(8) = "初八"
DayName(9) = "初九"
DayName(10) = "初十"
DayName(11) = "十一"
DayName(12) = "十二"
DayName(13) = "十三"
DayName(14) = "十四"
DayName(15) = "十五"
DayName(16) = "十六"
DayName(17) = "十七"
DayName(18) = "十八"
DayName(19) = "十九"
DayName(20) = "二十"
DayName(21) = "廿一"
DayName(22) = "廿二"
DayName(23) = "廿三"
DayName(24) = "廿四"
DayName(25) = "廿五"
DayName(26) = "廿六"
DayName(27) = "廿七"
DayName(28) = "廿八"
DayName(29) = "廿九"
DayName(30) = "三十"
'农历月份名
MonName(0) = "*"
MonName(1) = "正"
MonName(2) = "二"
MonName(3) = "三"
MonName(4) = "四"
MonName(5) = "五"
MonName(6) = "六"
MonName(7) = "七"
MonName(8) = "八"
MonName(9) = "九"
MonName(10) = "十"
MonName(11) = "十一"
MonName(12) = "腊"
'公历每月前面的天数
MonthAdd(0) = 0
MonthAdd(1) = 31
MonthAdd(2) = 59
MonthAdd(3) = 90
MonthAdd(4) = 120
MonthAdd(5) = 151
MonthAdd(6) = 181
MonthAdd(7) = 212
MonthAdd(8) = 243
MonthAdd(9) = 273
MonthAdd(10) = 304
MonthAdd(11) = 334
'农历数据
NongliData(0) = 2635
NongliData(1) = 333387
NongliData(2) = 1701
NongliData(3) = 1748
NongliData(4) = 267701
NongliData(5) = 694
NongliData(6) = 2391
NongliData(7) = 133423
NongliData(8) = 1175
NongliData(9) = 396438
NongliData(10) = 3402
NongliData(11) = 3749
NongliData(12) = 331177
NongliData(13) = 1453
NongliData(14) = 694
NongliData(15) = 201326
NongliData(16) = 2350
NongliData(17) = 465197
NongliData(18) = 3221
NongliData(19) = 3402
NongliData(20) = 400202
NongliData(21) = 2901
NongliData(22) = 1386
NongliData(23) = 267611
NongliData(24) = 605
NongliData(25) = 2349
NongliData(26) = 137515
NongliData(27) = 2709
NongliData(28) = 464533
NongliData(29) = 1738
NongliData(30) = 2901
NongliData(31) = 330421
NongliData(32) = 1242
NongliData(33) = 2651
NongliData(34) = 199255
NongliData(35) = 1323
NongliData(36) = 529706
NongliData(37) = 3733
NongliData(38) = 1706
NongliData(39) = 398762
NongliData(40) = 2741
NongliData(41) = 1206
NongliData(42) = 267438
NongliData(43) = 2647
NongliData(44) = 1318
NongliData(45) = 204070
NongliData(46) = 3477
NongliData(47) = 461653
NongliData(48) = 1386
NongliData(49) = 2413
NongliData(50) = 330077
NongliData(51) = 1197
NongliData(52) = 2637
NongliData(53) = 268877
NongliData(54) = 3365
NongliData(55) = 531109
NongliData(56) = 2900
NongliData(57) = 2922
NongliData(58) = 398042
NongliData(59) = 2395
NongliData(60) = 1179
NongliData(61) = 267415
NongliData(62) = 2635
NongliData(63) = 661067
NongliData(64) = 1701
NongliData(65) = 1748
NongliData(66) = 398772
NongliData(67) = 2742
NongliData(68) = 2391
NongliData(69) = 330031
NongliData(70) = 1175
NongliData(71) = 1611
NongliData(72) = 200010
NongliData(73) = 3749
NongliData(74) = 527717
NongliData(75) = 1452
NongliData(76) = 2742
NongliData(77) = 332397
NongliData(78) = 2350
NongliData(79) = 3222
NongliData(80) = 268949
NongliData(81) = 3402
NongliData(82) = 3493
NongliData(83) = 133973
NongliData(84) = 1386
NongliData(85) = 464219
NongliData(86) = 605
NongliData(87) = 2349
NongliData(88) = 334123
NongliData(89) = 2709
NongliData(90) = 2890
NongliData(91) = 267946
NongliData(92) = 2773
NongliData(93) = 592565
NongliData(94) = 1210
NongliData(95) = 2651
NongliData(96) = 395863
NongliData(97) = 1323
NongliData(98) = 2707
NongliData(99) = 265877
'生成当前公历年、月、日 ==> GongliStr
curYear = Year(curTime)
curMonth = Month(curTime)
curDay = Day(curTime)
GongliStr = curYear & "年"
If (curMonth < 10) Then
    GongliStr = GongliStr & "0" & curMonth & "月"
Else
    GongliStr = GongliStr & curMonth & "月"
End If
If (curDay < 10) Then
    GongliStr = GongliStr & "0" & curDay & "日"
Else
    GongliStr = GongliStr & curDay & "日"
End If
'计算到初始时间1921年2月8日的天数:1921-2-8(正月初一)
TheDate = (curYear - 1921) * 365 + Int((curYear - 1921) / 4) + curDay + MonthAdd(curMonth - 1) - 38
If ((curYear Mod 4) = 0 And curMonth > 2) Then
    TheDate = TheDate + 1
End If
'计算农历天干、地支、月、日
isEnd = 0
m = 0
Do
    If (NongliData(m) < 4095) Then
     k = 11
    Else
     k = 12
    End If
    n = k
    Do
    If (n < 0) Then
        Exit Do
    End If
    '获取NongliData(m)的第n个二进制位的值
    bit = NongliData(m)
    For i = 1 To n Step 1
     bit = Int(bit / 2)
    Next
    bit = bit Mod 2
    If (TheDate <= 29 + bit) Then
     isEnd = 1
     Exit Do
    End If
    TheDate = TheDate - 29 - bit
    n = n - 1
Loop
If (isEnd = 1) Then
   Exit Do
End If
m = m + 1
Loop
curYear = 1921 + m
curMonth = k - n + 1
curDay = TheDate
If (k = 12) Then
    If (curMonth = (Int(NongliData(m) / 65536) + 1)) Then
       curMonth = 1 - curMonth
    ElseIf (curMonth > (Int(NongliData(m) / 65536) + 1)) Then
       curMonth = curMonth - 1
    End If
End If
'生成农历天干、地支、属相 ==> NongliStr
NongliStr = "农历" & TianGan(((curYear - 4) Mod 60) Mod 10) & DiZhi(((curYear - 4) Mod 60) Mod 12) & "年"
NongliStr = NongliStr & "(" & ShuXiang(((curYear - 4) Mod 60) Mod 12) & ")"
'生成农历月、日 ==> NongliDayStr
If (curMonth < 1) Then
    NongliDayStr = "闰" & MonName(-1 * curMonth)
Else
    NongliDayStr = MonName(curMonth)
End If
NongliDayStr = NongliDayStr & "月"
NongliDayStr = NongliDayStr & DayName(curDay)

NongLi = NongliStr & NongliDayStr

End Function

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